What Are The Job Responsibilities Of An HTML Developer


Hello, developers’ community! This article, which is called ‘What Are The Job Responsibilities Of An HTML Developer’ is dedicated to all newbies who want to start their IT career as an HTML developer. You will read about the tasks and responsibilities of a specialist who turns a layout drawn by a designer into a live website, translates a layout picture into an IT language that is understandable to any browser and is visible to a visitor. Let’s start from the beginning!

As it was already written in the introductory part, the HTML developer adapts the design of web page layouts for further processing and functioning using a markup language, for example, HTML, XHTML. In other words, such specialists create a code structure that arranges page elements (for example, images, headers, borders around images, font size) so that when the site is opened on a computer or mobile device, the picture matches the originally designed layout.

What Are The Job Responsibilities Of An HTML Developer

In addition, the HTML developer ensures the speed of opening the site pages in any of the common browsers, as well as the speed of the site on mobile devices. You can imagine that this is such a specialist who, like a magician, transfers the site design to the Internet. In his work, he uses graphic and text editors to integrate the layout and code of web pages. After that, it checks that the created pages are displayed correctly by opening them in a browser. To ensure the correctness of the code to the maximum, the HTML coder needs to be able to ‘code’ (write the code) by hand, without using any editors.

The position of the HTML developer has specific tasks and responsibilities. His main task at work is to transform the design into the external design of the site, that is, from the PSD format (less often from Sketch or other formats) into the code. Thus, it creates an HTML page that should look exactly like the client’s approved designer layout, and which the front-end and back-end developers work with. The main tools in the process of work are HTML and CSS, as well as JavaScript for creating more complex elements, for example, sliders, animations, parallaxes, modals, implementation of simple logic (for example, form validation). Using HTML templating tools (Jade, Swig), the layout designer divides the site into templates, then assembles them using build systems.

If we describe the work process of such a specialist, then we can say that he receives a layout from a designer, disassembles it into layers, cuts out pictures, logos, removes fonts. Then he marks up the elements on the page using HTML, gives them the appearance in CSS, as close as possible to the layout. To compare the design of a page with its layout, the PixelPerfect plugin is used. Then he makes pages responsive for mobile devices if such is required by the customer. If necessary, you can add ready-made js plugins, such as sliders, carousels. After finishing the work, it is imperative to test the site for compatibility with all browsers. After that, the project is sent to the back-end to register the interaction with the server.

The responsibilities of a layout designer may include:

– creation of a layout according to the provided design (transformation of a PSD template into a code);
– support for existing UI components;
– adaptation of sites for different screen sizes and devices;
– integration of layout pages into the development environment;
– site loading optimization;
– creation of print versions;
– layout of emails;
– writing simple JavaScript codes.

Hire expert HTML developer, who makes the layout as accurately as possible, at the same time can predict what will be changed or added, and will provide for it to be easy to implement; automates everything so you don’t have to rewrite it. That is, it makes it possible to copy an element and move it to the other end of the site, and it will not break, and also tries not to use frameworks where it is not needed. A competent HTML layout designer should identify design errors at the initial stage of development, actively interact with the designer, manager, and other developers.

In his work, the HTML developer must understand how the component will be implemented by the programmer, and make it so that it does not fall apart when the programmer adds logic to it. For example, he got a 200px wide button design. He must understand how this button will behave in different cases, what will happen to it if it has short text, long text, if the text on the button consists of several words, should they be wrapped to another line and increase the height of the button, or do something else – there can be many options. Working out these options is the task of the HTML coder, not the programmer.

Project work usually consists of the following Tasks:

– getting a layout from a designer or PM;
– a discussion of all unclear points;
– code creation;
– testing the page in different browsers and on different devices according to the requirements;
– making edits.

You can become an HTML coder if you have such soft-skills as patience, perseverance, scrupulousness, attentiveness. You also need to be prepared for a significant investment of time and monotonous work. First, you need to master the standard markup languages HTML and XHTML, as well as CSS – a special language that is used to visually present pages written in data markup languages. You should also learn to work in text and graphic editors. To comprehend the basics of site layout, you can take special courses. In addition, on the worldwide network, there is an abundance of open access to a variety of guides, instructions, videos, and other self-study lessons – both paid and free.


HTML development is a very versatile profession because you have to be interested in a lot of related IT areas, in addition to the code itself: design (typography, color combinations, grids, vertical rhythm, etc.), working with graphics, networking, animation, productivity, and even human disabilities, such as color blindness and the way a visually impaired person uses a computer.

The HTML developer constantly keeps himself in good shape: it is necessary to follow new specifications, browser, and ecosystem updates. If the team meets the initiative, it is possible and necessary to introduce useful innovations in their projects. Of course, this profession has disadvantages, such as high competition among those who want to start their career in IT from this position (up to 500 resumes per vacancy), a large amount of routine work, and lower salaries than developers. There is a lot of repetitive work due to the fact that HTML layout designers do not create any algorithms but only describe line by line how the elements will look. Such a job is a puzzle, a way out of the labyrinth, a constant process of improvement – all the time there is room to grow, where perfectionism is absolutely in demand. Thanks for reading the article ‘What Are The Job Responsibilities Of An HTML Developer’. Hope it was useful and interesting for you!


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